Learning Disability with Impairment in Mathematics

Learning Disability with Impairment in Mathematics

 


A learning disability with impairment in mathematics, (formerly referred to as Dyscalculia) is a broad category of life-long difficulties related to calculation, spatial relationships, timekeeping and other mathematic functions. There is no easy single definition of Dyscalculia at this time. Since the disability varies so much in its presentation, the effects Dyscalculia may have on individual development can be just as varied. For example, two individuals with a learning disability with impairment in mathematics may have varying degrees of math comprehension and performance. In some cases, short term memory may be affected.

A learning disability with impairment in mathematics occurs when there is an issue in the areas of the brain that are required for processing mathematical and/or spatial functions. While it is a disorder which affects the ability to perform math, Dyscalculia in no way impairs the ability to think or understand complex ideas.  Severity is defined as mild, moderate, and severe.

Warning Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of a learning disability with impairment in mathematics do not show significant change as the individual ages. According to the DSM-V, young children, elementary-age children, adolescents, and adults tend to exhibit similar difficulties, including:

  • Number sense
  • Memorization of arithmetic facts
  • Accurate or fluent calculation
  • Accurate math reasoning

A learning disability with impairment in mathematics, like all Learning Disabilities, impacts upon all aspects of an individual’s life. Learning Disabilities are present in all ethnic and language groups, and may disrupt a child’s home life, education, behaviour, and social life. At home, children with a a learning disability with impairment in mathematics face many of the same difficulties they do in school. Trouble calculating impairs simple tasks like going to the store, organizational difficulties when assigned tasks to be performed at particular times difficulties managing home-work or organizing schedules may impact negatively upon home life. At school, they have trouble completing math or science class work and assignments, and may often miss valuable information due to inability to process logical problems and formulae.

An assessment is a necessary step before decisions can be made about accommodation and eligibility for services. The diagnosis of a learning disability with impairment in mathematics, as with all Learning Disabilities, is conducted by a qualified assessor who is registered in the province to complete assessments. The criteria for these behaviours are described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition Revised (DSM-V).  If you suspect you or your child may have a learning disability with impairment in mathematics please contact the office to speak about assessment options.

 

 

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