Specific Learning Disorder with Impairment in Written Expression
Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) with impairment in written expression includes possible deficits in:
- Spelling accuracy
- Grammar and punctuation accuracy
- Clarity or organization of written expression
Warning Signs and Symptoms
An SLD with impairment in written expression, like all SLDs, impacts upon all aspects of an individual’s life. SLDs are present in all ethnic and language groups, and may disrupt a child’s home life, education, behaviour, and social life. At home, children with an SLD with impairment in written expression face many of the same difficulties they do in school. Avoidance of written tasks may result in missed phone messages, frustration may arise from inability to complete homework, and physical pain related to motor function may impact negatively upon home life. At school, they have trouble completing written class work and assignments, and may miss valuable information due to inability to keep pace when taking notes.
An assessment is a necessary step before decisions can be made about accommodation and eligibility for services. The diagnosis of an SLD with impairment in written expression, as with all SLDs, is conducted by a qualified assessor who is registered in the province to complete assessments. The diagnostic criteria for SLD are described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition Revised (DSM-V). If you suspect you or your child may have a SLD please contact the office to speak about assessment options.